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2017—2018年贵阳市农村生活垃圾及污水处理状况调查 [中文引用][英文引用]

Investigation of Garbage and Sewage Treatments in Guiyang Rural Areas in 2017—2018

作者(英文):DAI Hua1  ZHANG Kaiju1  JIANG Meiqin1  YAN Yunfu1  JIANG Jiajun1  LI Jiawei1  DENG Xianchuan2  GUI Li3  HU Lasheng4 
单位(英文): 
关键词:农村 环境卫生 垃圾 污水 
关键词(英文):rural areas  environmenttal health  garbage  sewage 
分类号:R127
出版年·卷·期(页码):2019·9·第4期(349-352,357)
DOI:
-----摘要:-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

目的 掌握贵阳市农村环境卫生健康危害因素水平及动态变化,评价贵阳市农村环境卫生状况。方法 选取3个监测县,采用分层随机抽样抽取60个行政村、300户家庭作为监测户开展环境卫生调查,通过查阅资料、访谈及现场观察等方法收集数据。结果 3个监测县总人口占贵阳市总人口21.5%,与2017年相比,2018年监测村随意堆放生活垃圾所占比例下降了3.3%,处理方式仍以填埋为主,但填埋处理量较2017年下降了15.0%2018年监测村随意排放生活污水占50.0%,排放地点主要以农田和坑塘为主,分别占35.0%28.3%;生产性工业污水和养殖业污水随意排放分别占50.0%87.1%15%监测村无环境卫生经费投入,2018年除蝇、除蚊和除蟑螂的监测村所占比例约30.0%结论 贵阳市农村生活垃圾、生活污水的处理现状总体呈改善态势,但与发达地区农村环境卫生相比仍存在差距,亟需加强农村环境基础设施建设,采取有效措施予以改善。

-----英文摘要:---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Objectives To master the level and dynamic changes of rural environmental health risk factors in Guiyang, and objectively evaluate the environmental health status of rural areas in Guiyang. Methods Three monitoring counties were selected, and 60 administrative villages and 300 households were stratified randomly selected as monitoring households to carry out on-site investigation of environmental health. Data were collected through data access, interviews, on-site observation. Results The total population of the three monitoring counties accounted for 21.5% of the total population of Guiyang, compared with 2017, the proportion of randomly piled household garbage decreased by 3.3%, and the treatment methods was mainly landfill, which was decreased by 15%. In 2018, random discharge of domestic sewage from monitored villages accounted for 50%, and the discharge sites were mainly farmland and pits, which accounted for 35% and 28.3%, respectively. The random discharge of productive industrial sewage and aquacultural sewage accounted for 50% and 87.1%, respectively. Fifteen percent of monitoring villages had no fund input on environmental health. In 2018, the proportions of monitoring villages that eliminate flies, mosquitoes, and cockroaches were all less than 30%. Conclusions The status of rural domestic garbage and sewage treatments in Guiyang have generally improved, but there is still a gap between rural environmental health in Guiyang and those in developed areas. Therefore, it is urgent to strengthen the establishment of rural environmental infrastructures and take effective measures to improve them.

-----参考文献:---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

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若需在您的论文中引用此文,请按以下格式着录参考文献:
中文着录格式: 代华1,,张开菊1,,江美琴1,,晏云富1,,蒋家俊1,,李家伟1,,邓宪川2,,桂莉3,,胡腊生4.2017—2018年贵阳市农村生活垃圾及污水处理状况调查.环境卫生学杂志.2019;9(4):349-352,357.
英文着录格式: DAI,Hua1,,ZHANG,Kaiju1,,JIANG,Meiqin1,,YAN,Yunfu1,,JIANG,Jiajun1,,LI,Jiawei1,,DENG,Xianchuan2,,GUI,Li3,,HU,Lasheng4.Investigation of Garbage and Sewage Treatments in Guiyang Rural Areas in 2017—2018..2019;9(4):349-352,357.

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