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2010年-2014年临安市农村改厕工作调查 [中文引用][英文引用]

Investigation on Latrine Improvement and Sanitary Status in Lin'an, 2010-2014

作者:夏骏  伍立志  盛昊  王晓峰  陈志健 
作者(英文):XIA Jun  WU Lizhi  SHENG Hao  WANG Xiaofeng  CHEN Zhijian 
单位(英文): 
分类号:
出版年·卷·期(页码):2016·6·第3期(222-226)
DOI:
-----摘要:-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

目的 了解2010年-2014年度临安市农村改厕工作情况,评价农村改厕的综合效益,为今后推进农村改厕工作提供借鉴。方法 通过查阅资料、访谈、现场观察等方法获得调查数据,填写统一调查表格,使用SAS 9.3软件统计分析调查数据的集中趋势指标、离散趋势指标以及构成比等特征。结果 1093户被调查居民中,无害化卫生厕所普及率为76.13%,三格式化粪厕所占99.88%。三格式化粪池是临安目前最主要的卫生厕所模式。副伤寒、甲肝、戊肝、未分型肝炎、细菌性痢疾、阿米巴痢疾等疾病的发病率每年均有不同程度的下降,但其他感染性腹泻的发病率仍有所增加。资金投入与腹泻相关疾病发病率存在一定的负相关,资金投入的增加可减少伤寒、甲肝、戊肝、细菌性痢疾、其他感染性腹泻的发病。结论 改厕工作的开展有助于改善农村环境尤其是室内环境的卫生水平,提高农村居民的生活质量,同时还可以提高粪便无害化处理的效果,降低腹泻等肠道传染病流行的风险,卫生防病效果显着。

-----英文摘要:---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Objectives To estimate the rural latrine improvement and sanitary status in Lin'an city in 2010-2014.To evaluate the comprehensive benefits of improvement, including health benefit, economic benefit, social benefit, and the basic situation of rural drinking water, etc. To find out appropriate toilet types for harmless treatment of feces, to provide evidence and support for impelling rural latrine improvement.Methods The investigation was conducted by reviewing historical records and data, interview and field observation. SAS 9.3 was used to analyze the characteristics of the centralized tendency and dispersion tendency of the investigated data.Results A total of 1093 households were investigated, 76.13% of households have had harmless sanitary latrine, and 99.88% of them were three-frame latrine with septic tank. The incidence of paratyphoid, hepatitis A, hepatitis E, bacterial dysentery and Amoebic dysentery was declined each year in varying extent; but the incidence of other infectious diarrhea was increased. There was a negative correlation between the funding input and the incidence of diarrhea.Conclusion Latrine improvement is conductive to ameliorate rural environment, especially for indoor environment,to advance the effect of fecal harmless treatment, and to control the prevalence of intestinal infectious diseases.

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若需在您的论文中引用此文,请按以下格式着录参考文献:
中文着录格式: 夏骏,,伍立志,,盛昊,,王晓峰,,陈志健.2010年-2014年临安市农村改厕工作调查.环境卫生学杂志.2016;6(3):222-226.
英文着录格式: XIA,Jun,,WU,Lizhi,,SHENG,Hao,,WANG,Xiaofeng,,CHEN,Zhijian.Investigation on Latrine Improvement and Sanitary Status in Lin'an, 2010-2014..2016;6(3):222-226.

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