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2012年石首市农村分散式供水水质调查结果分析 [中文引用][英文引用]

Quality of Decentralized Water Supply  in the Countryside of Shishou City in 2012

作者:张落新 
作者(英文):Zhang Luoxin 
单位: 
单位(英文): 
关键词(英文):Key words: rural  decentralized water supply  water quality testing 
分类号:
出版年·卷·期(页码):2013·3·第5期(442-444)
DOI: 0
-----摘要:-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

摘要:目的 了解石首市农村分散式供水水质现状,为农村改水事业的发展方向提供参考依据。 方法 采集石首市14个乡镇办分散式供水点水样共168份,其中包括沟渠/河塘水样40份,家庭自备井水128份。按照《生活饮用水标准检验方法》(GB 5750–2006)和《生活饮用水卫生标准》(GB 5749–2006)对采集的水样进行检测和评价,每个水样分析23个水质参数,全部检测参数合格的水样判定为合格。  结果  在被检测的168份水样中,合格37份,合格率仅为22%,主要超标污染物为色度、浑浊度、菌落总数、总大肠菌群、耐热大肠杆菌、耗氧量。  结论  石首市农村分散式供水水质合格率很低,地方政府应加大投入,将现有集中式供水管网延伸至整个农村地区,同时加强现有小型分散式供水设施卫生管理和消毒,最终实现全市农村安全饮水的全覆盖。
 

-----英文摘要:---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Abstract: Objective To understand the quality of decentralized water supplies in the countryside of Shishou City and to promote the development of rural waterworks. Methods A total of 168 water samples from decentralized water supplies in 14 townships of Shishou City, including 40 water samples from ditches/rivers and  ponds and 168 water samples from  wells were collected. Samples were tested and evaluated according to the Standards for Drinking Water Quality (GB 5749-2006) and Standard Examination Methods for Drinking Water (GB/T 5750-2006) for 23 parameters.  Results Only 37 in 168 samples (22%) were qualified. The indexes chromaticity, turbidity, total number of colony, total coliform bacteria, thermotolerance colibacillus and oxygen consumption were unqualified.  Conclusion The qualified rate of water from rural decentralized water supplies in Shishou City was very low. Intensifying the construction of small centralized water supply facilities or extending the existed centralized water supply corporate networks to cover the entire rural areas should be strengthened, in order to improve water quality and the health status of people.
 

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若需在您的论文中引用此文,请按以下格式着录参考文献:
中文着录格式: 张落新.2012年石首市农村分散式供水水质调查结果分析.环境卫生学杂志.2013;3(5):442-444.
英文着录格式: Zhang,Luoxin.Quality of Decentralized Water Supply  in the Countryside of Shishou City in 2012..2013;3(5):442-444.

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