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北京市昌平区农村饮用水卫生状况分析 [中文引用][英文引用]

Analysis on the Current Sanitary Conditions of Rural Drinking Water in Changping District in Beijing

作者:王焕新1 陶勇2 
作者(英文):Wang Huanxin Tao Yong 
单位: 
单位(英文): 
关键词(英文):Key words: rural area drinking water sanitation conditions 
分类号:
出版年·卷·期(页码):2012·2·第4期(153-155)
DOI: 0
-----摘要:-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

摘要:目的  了解北京市昌平区农村饮用水卫生状况及其影响因素。方法   对昌平区40个农村水厂饮用水卫生状况开展调查,并采集饮用水样品分析。结果   昌平区农村水源未建立泵房的水厂占7.5%;消毒设施配有率仅为45.0%,且只有57.5%的水厂建有蓄水池等储水设施;饮水卫生管理人员配备率达90%以上,但97.5%的水厂没有消毒记录,80.0%水厂未取得卫生许可证;70%水厂无水厂设计图和供水管网图;抽检的160件饮用水样品合格率为47.50%,主要不合格指标为大肠菌群,其次为大肠埃希氏菌。结论  饮用水消毒是本地区提高饮用水水质的关键;水处理及配水系统中存在风险;农村水厂资料不完善,管水员需加强培训。
 

-----英文摘要:---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Abstract: Objective The objective of this study is to know the current sanitary conditions of rural drinking water in Changping District of Beijing and the factors affecting them. Methods  Survey on the current sanitary conditions of drinking water in 40 rural plants in Changping district has been conducted, and the water has been collected and analyzed as well. Results In Changping district, 7.5% of the water plants have not built the pumping houses at water sources; 45.0% of the rural water plants have been equipped with water disinfection equipments; 57.5% of the water plants have water storage tanks or other storage facilities; 90% of the water plants have their own management staff in charge of drinking water sanitation, but 97.5% of the water plants have no records on water disinfection, and 80.0% of the water plants have not got their health license/certificate; 70% of the water plants have no plants design chart and the chart for drinking water distribution pipeline; among the 160 water samples collected, only 47.50% have reached the drinking water quality standard value, the unquality indexes mainly lie on Faucal coli form and E. coli. Conclusions Disinfection is the critical measure to improve drinking water quality in Changping. There are risks in water treatment and distribution system, data in rural water plant is not kept properly. Water management knowledge should be strengthened for water plant staff.

 

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若需在您的论文中引用此文,请按以下格式着录参考文献:
中文着录格式: 王焕新1,陶勇2.北京市昌平区农村饮用水卫生状况分析.环境卫生学杂志.2012;2(4):153-155.
英文着录格式: Wang,Huanxin,Tao,Yong.Analysis on the Current Sanitary Conditions of Rural Drinking Water in Changping District in Beijing..2012;2(4):153-155.

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